Here are the 10 wealthiest people in China — a country leading the way for self-made billionaires

China’s billionaire population is on the rise.

Today, the country is home to 10 percent of the world’s almost 2,400 billionaires, according to the latest report from Wealth-X. But, perhaps more notably, a massive 94 percent of them are self-made.

Growth in China’s technology, consumer retail and real estate sectors over the past five to 10 years have made it easier for entrepreneurs to build their fortune, marking a massive surge in the country’s self-made billionaire population.

Just 2 percent of China’s 249 billionaires are the product of inheritance, according to the report. Meanwhile, 4 percent have reached the 10-figure milestone through a combination of entrepreneurship and inheritance. The rest have earned it through grit and hard work.

The figure stands in stark contrast to the global average. Overall, just 55 percent of the world’s billionaires are self-made, according to the intelligence agency’s figures. Thirteen percent of the world’s billionaires have gained their wealth through inheritance, while 32 percent have built it through a combination of inheritance and entrepreneurship.

What’s more, China’s billionaires are relatively younger than the global mean, with one-third aged under 50, compared to 14 percent globally. The average billionaire in China is 53-years-old while the average billionaire globally is aged 64.

China’s billionaires include those responsible for some of the world’s biggest companies. Here’s a look at the top 10 wealthiest:

China’s top 10 billionaires

10. Yan Jiehe

Yan Jiehe, founder of China Pacific Construction Group

Bloomberg | Getty
Yan Jiehe, founder of China Pacific Construction Group

Net worth: $14.1 billion

Founder, China Pacific Construction Group

Born the youngest of nine children, Yan’s earliest memory is of going hungry, he told Fortune magazine in 2014. Like his parents, he began his career as a schoolteacher, before moving into the construction industry and launching China Pacific Construction Group in 1995.

9. Zhang Zhidong

A microphone displays the Tencent Holdings logo during a news conference in Hong Kong.

Brent Lewin | Bloomberg | Getty Images
A microphone displays the Tencent Holdings logo during a news conference in Hong Kong.

Net worth: $15 billion

Co-founder, Tencent Holdings

Also known as Tony Zhang, Zhang was born in 1971 and met fellow Tencent co-founder Pony Ma while studying at Shenzen University. The duo, alongside three other co-founders, set up the internet company in 1998.

8. Lei Jun

Lei Jun, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Xiaomi Inc., delivers a speech during a launch event at Beijing University of Technology on September 11, 2017 in Beijing, China.

VCG | Getty
Lei Jun, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Xiaomi Inc., delivers a speech during a launch event at Beijing University of Technology on September 11, 2017 in Beijing, China.

Net worth: $15.1 billion

Chairman, Xiaomi

Born in 1969, Lei studied computer science at Wuhan University and worked as an engineer before taking on senior positions in several technology companies. Then, in 2010, he co-founded smartphone manufacturer and software company Xiaomi.

7. Li Hejun

Li Hejun

ChinaFotoPress | Getty Images
Li Hejun

Net worth: $15.5 billion

Chairman, Hanergy Holding Group

A mechanical engineering graduate, Li founded Hanergy in 1991 with 50,000 Yuan (around $8,000) borrowed from his college teacher, according to the company’s website. Today, Hanergy is a world-leading renewable energy company.

6. Ding Lei

Ding Lei, founder and CEO of netease.com, at the China Internet Conference 2011

VCG | Getty
Ding Lei, founder and CEO of netease.com, at the China Internet Conference 2011

Net worth: $17.2 billion

CEO, NetEase

Ding is the founder of Chinese internet technology company NetEase, which provides online content, communications and commerce services. He launched the business in 1997 after studying electronic science and technology and working for a short time as an engineer.

5. Wang Jianlin

Wang Jianlin, Chairman and President of Dalian Wanda Group Co., speaks during Suning smart retail development strategy press release and partnership agreement signing ceremony on December 19, 2017 in Nanjing, China.

China News Service | Getty
Wang Jianlin, Chairman and President of Dalian Wanda Group Co., speaks during Suning smart retail development strategy press release and partnership agreement signing ceremony on December 19, 2017 in Nanjing, China.

Net worth: $18.1 billion

Chairman, Dalian Wanda Group

Born in 1954, Wang served for sixteen years in China’s People’s Liberation Army before founding Dalian Wanda Group in 1988. Today, it is China’s largest real estate development company. Wang also owns 20 percent of the Spanish football club Atletico Madrid.

4. Yang Huiyan

Signage for the Forest City development is displayed at the reception of the Country Garden Holdings Co. property showroom in Iskandar Malaysia zone of Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Bloomberg | Getty
Signage for the Forest City development is displayed at the reception of the Country Garden Holdings Co. property showroom in Iskandar Malaysia zone of Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Net worth: $20.7 billion

Vice Chairman, Country Garden Holdings

Chinese property developer Yang is the majority shareholder of Country Garden Holdings, a property development company set up by her father, Guoqiang Yang in 1992. She was named the richest woman in Asia in a 2015 Wealth-X report.

3. Hui Ka Yan

Hui Ka Yan, chairman of China Evergrande Group, speaks during a news conference in Hong Kong, China, on Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Bloomberg | Getty
Hui Ka Yan, chairman of China Evergrande Group, speaks during a news conference in Hong Kong, China, on Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Net worth: $27.5 billion

Chairman, Evergrande Real Estate Group

Hui Ka Yan, also known as Xu Jiayin, was born in a rural village in Henan province in 1958. After graduating from college, he worked as a technician in a steel factory for a decade before becoming chairman of Chinese real estate developer Evergrande Group.

2. Jack Ma

Jack Ma, co-founder and executive chairman of Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.

Bloomberg | Getty
Jack Ma, co-founder and executive chairman of Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.

Net worth: $40.2 billion

Executive Chairman, Alibaba Group

Jack Ma was born in 1964 in Hangzhou, Zheijang province. He began his career as a teacher and famously suffered dozens of job rejections before launching Alibaba Group. Today, the company is the world’s largest retailer and one of the largest technology companies globally.

1. Huateng Ma

Ma Huateng, chairman and chief executive officer of Tencent Holdings Ltd., speaks during the 2017 China International Big Data Industry Expo at Guiyang International Eco-Conference Center on May 28, 2017 in Guiyang, China.

Lintao Zhang | Getty
Ma Huateng, chairman and chief executive officer of Tencent Holdings Ltd., speaks during the 2017 China International Big Data Industry Expo at Guiyang International Eco-Conference Center on May 28, 2017 in Guiyang, China.

Net worth: $41.8 billion

Chairman, Tencent Holdings

The son of a port manager, Ma studied computer science at Shenzen University before starting his career in telecommunications. Known as Pony Ma, he launched Tencent alongside four college classmates in 1998, and now serves as its chairman and CEO.

Tencent is one of the largest internet companies in the world and counts social networks, e-commerce, payment systems and games among its services.

Homeowners are using rental income earned through Airbnb to refinance their mortgages

A woman browses the site of US home sharing giant Airbnb on a tablet.

Homeowners are now using rental income earned through Airbnb to refinance their mortgages. It’s a pilot program launched just a few weeks ago that took off quickly, and new loans are already closing.

It’s another program from mortgage giant Fannie Mae designed to help more borrowers get better loans in today’s tight mortgage market. Airbnb already tracks the income data and will now provide documentation for a mortgage application.

“We want to enable those borrowers to be able to refinance and lower their mortgage costs and tap into their housing equity,” said Jonathan Lawless, vice president of customer solutions at Fannie Mae.

Partnering initially with three lenders, Better Mortgage, Quicken Loans and Citizens Bank, Fannie Mae allows borrowers to use the rental income as part of the income qualification to refinance their home loans. This helps them either to get a better interest rate or to take cash out for other expenses, like renovations or education.

“Some of the nation’s largest financial institutions understand that Airbnb is an economic empowerment tool that can generate important income for families, and they are working to recognize this,” wrote Nathan Blecharczyk, Airbnb co-founder and chief strategy officer, in a release.

Borrowers are required to have 12 months history of Airbnb earnings that they can document, and the home must be their primary residence. The program is not for investors using multiple homes only as rental properties.

“Because of the sharing economy, the way people use their homes has changed … and now finally the mortgage industry has caught up,” said Vishal Garg, CEO of Better Mortgage. “We are able to use that income in actually underwriting the value of your house, your ability to make a payment on that loan, and then qualify you for a lower rate.”

It may be a marriage made in mortgage heaven, or it could add risk to a still-recovering mortgage market.

Since the housing crash, brought on by irresponsibly loose standards in the mortgage market, lenders have been very strict with the amount of debt borrowers can carry compared to their income. They are required, by new regulations that followed the crash, to verify a borrower’s ability to repay a loan. Airbnb income can now count in that calculation, allowing borrowers to qualify for bigger loans.

“Absolutely income is a very important part of the mortgage application, and we look for income that’s sustainable over time,” said Lawless. “But Airbnb earnings, just like any other forms of earnings, have potential risks in the future. We don’t see it as any different than any type of job or commission or a bonus type of earning that you recognize.”

Better Mortgage’s Garg argues that none of the underwriting criteria are changing – the consumer’s credit score, the loan to value on the home, “all of that is there.” And, he added that the program could actually help some troubled borrowers avert defaulting on their mortgages.

“If consumers encounter some kind of financial hardship, the fact that they’ve got a stable income source on Airbnb probably means that maybe they could rent out another bedroom on Airbnb and most likely engage in using that to stabilize their income,” said Garg.

The home rental-sharing economy is still in its infancy, but given how fast it’s growing, it may become harder for individuals to compete for renters. Rental stream that is fast and easy now may not come as easily five years from now. In some local markets, there continues to be regulatory issues limiting these part-time rentals. That, said Lawless, is why this is a small test pilot, although he admitted he already expects it to expand.

“We think that trend seems to be here to stay. And if it changes, of course we’ll need to revisit our policies like we always do,” he added.

Michael Dell purchased $100 million penthouse that broke Manhattan records

Michael Dell's $100 million penthouse breaks Manhattan records

Tech billionaire Michael Dell was the buyer behind the record-setting sale of a Manhattan penthouse in 2014, two sources familiar with the deal told The Wall Street Journal.

While the $100.47 million sale price of the six-bedroom duplex was previously reported, the buyer remained unknown.

The extravagant property is one of several Dell owns. The founder and CEO of Dell Technologies purchased a penthouse last year in the Four Seasons Private Residences in Boston, which had listed for $40 million, as well as a $10.9 million condo in Boston’s Millennium Tower in 2016. He also owns an expansive property on the Kona Coast of Hawaii known as the “Raptor Residence.”

Representatives of Dell could not be reached for immediate comment.

The Manhattan unit resides in a skyscraper on Manhattan’s Billionaires Row, at 157 West 57th St. to the south of Central Park. At 1,004 feet tall, it is among the tallest buildings in Manhattan.

Miro Rivera Architects reportedly led a renovation of the property. The architecture firm is based in Austin, Texas, where Dell has owned a home since the 1990s, according to the Journal.

Dell, who took the company he founded private in 2013, has reportedly weighed an IPO or a deal with VMware in recent months.

Martin Shkreli controversies: A timeline of events

Martin Shkreli, the embattled pharmaceutical CEO, appeared in court Friday as a judge weighs whether he has to forfeit more than $7.3 million – including a one-of-a-kind Wu-Tang Clan album – for his securities fraud conviction.

The so-called “Pharma Bro” was convicted in September on charges that he deceived investors through failed hedge funds. Weeks later, he had his $5 million bail revoked when he posted what was a considered a threat to Hillary Clinton.

The 34-year-old, who is probably best known for hiking up the price of a life-saving drug, was charged with securities fraud, conspiracy to commit securities fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud; a jury found him guilty on three of eight counts.

“Under the circumstances, I think he’s doing remarkably well,” Shkreli’s attorney, Ben Brafman, told reporters outside the Brooklyn jail Friday.

His sentencing is set for March 9.

From his social media presence to his leadership of pharmaceutical companies, here’s a look at Shkreli’s life and controversies.

September 2017

Former drug company executive Martin Shkreli arrives at U.S. District Court for the fourth day of jury deliberations in his securities fraud trial in the Brooklyn borough of New York City, U.S., August 3, 2017. REUTERS/Amr Alfiky - RC1B62F3E500

Martin Shkreli had his bail revoked after making what was perceived as a threat to a former presidential candidate online.  (Reuters/Amr Alfiky)

Shkreli’s bail was revoked and he was sent to prison the night of Sept. 13 because of what was perceived as a threat to a former presidential nominee he posted on social media.

Shkreli offered on Facebook $5,000 to anyone who could grab Hillary Clinton’s hair while she was on her book tour. U.S. District Judge Kiyo Matsumoto said the post could be seen as a “solicitation of an assault” as she revoked his $5 million bail.

“The Clinton Foundation is willing to KILL to protect its secrets. So on HRC’s book tour, try to grab a hair from her. I must confirm the sequences I have. Will pay $5,000 per hair obtained from Hillary Clinton,” his post said.

Shkreli’s defense argued that the post was simply political satire, but the judge didn’t buy it.

The government told the judge that the message alarmed the Secret Service detail that protects Clinton, a former Democratic presidential candidate and first lady. It also argued that it fit a pattern of veiled threats against female journalists who rebuffed Shkreli’s social media advances and of taunts aimed at prosecutors in his case.

Shkreli will now await his sentencing at a federal jail in Brooklyn instead of his Manhattan apartment where he would often live stream parts of his day. He faces a maximum sentence of 20 years.

August 2017

A Brooklyn jury found Shkreli guilty on three counts on August 4.

The jury deliberated for five days before reaching a verdict.

June 2017

Shkreli’s trial began on June 26, and he faces up to 20 years in prison.

Several potential jurors told the New York judge they couldn’t be fair toward Shkreli.

Shkreli “travels to the beat of a very unique drummer.”

– Defense attorney Benjamin Brafman

One woman said that she knew the former executive as “the most hated man in America” for his price gouging. The judge dismissed her and several other potential jurors after they made negative comments about Shkreli during jury selection.

Despite advice from his lawyers, Shkreli didn’t lay low ahead of the trial. He was active on social media, particularly on YouTube and Facebook.

Shkreli “travels to the beat of a very unique drummer,” his defense attorney said.

April 2017

Brooklyn U.S. District Court Judge Kiyo Matsumoto ruled that Shkreli and his former lawyer be granted separate trials.

Both Evan Greebel and Shkreli requested separate trials and both have pleaded not guilty. Greebel is charged with one count of conspiracy for allegedly helping Shkreli. He would later be found guilty of conspiring to commit securities fraud and wire fraud.

As Greebel has called Shkreli a serial liar, Matsumoto said trying the two men together “would present a serious risk that Shkreli will not receive a constitutionally fair trial.”

January 2017

After consistently harassing a female journalist on Twitter, Shkreli was eventually banned from the social media site.

Shkreli changed his Twitter page background to images of freelance journalist Lauren Duca and photo-shopped himself over her husband in one photo.

“How is this allowed,” Duca tweeted along with a screenshot of Shkreli’s account.

However, Shkreli made additional accounts since his ban.

September 2016

After Hillary Clinton left a 9/11 memorial service due to illness, Shkreli tracked down the presidential candidate to shout at her a question.

“Why are you so sick?” Shkreli shouted at Clinton as she left her daughter’s apartment.

“I enjoyed screaming ‘why are you so sick’ and ‘go trump’ at @HillaryClinton. Get well soon bae!” he tweeted later.

This same month, Shkreli raffled off a chance to punch him in the face.

February 2016

Shkreli refused to testify in front of Congress — instead invoking his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination while smirking at lawmakers who peppered him with questions about why he so drastically raised the price of Daraprim.

“Drug company executives are lining their pockets at the expense of some of the most vulnerable families in our nation,” Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md., said during the hearing. “It’s not funny, Mr. Shkreli. People are dying and they’re getting sicker and sicker.”

“It’s not funny, Mr. Shkreli. People are dying and they’re getting sicker and sicker.”

– Rep. Elijah Cummings

Rep. Buddy Carter, R-Ga., a pharmacist, said he was “disgusted” by price-hiking drug companies.

December 2015

Shkreli was arrested on securities fraud and wire fraud charges — unrelated to the rising drug price while he headed Turing Pharmaceuticals — in December 2015.

Prosecutors said when Shkreli ran a different pharmaceutical company, Retrophin, he would use the company’s cash and stock to pay back hedge fund investors for money that Shkreli lost. These actions allegedly took place between 2009 and 2014, according to court documents.

Shkreli “engaged in multiple schemes to ensnare investors through a web of lies and deceit,” U.S. Attorney Robert Capers said at the time of Shkreli’s arrest.

Shkreli was released on a $5 million bail.

The day of his arrest, KaloBios Pharmaceuticals terminated Shkreli as its CEO. The company announced that the young pharmaceutical executive also had resigned from its board of directors.

September 2015

Shkreli first became a contentious household name at the end of 2015 when he was chief executive of Turing Pharmaceuticals.

His company drastically jacked up the price of a potentially lifesaving drug, Daraprim, from $13.50 to $750 per pill. Turing acquired Daraprim in August 2015.

The drug is the only approved treatment for toxoplasmosis, an infection which is especially risky for pregnant women, people with AIDS and cancer patients.

Shkreli defended the price hike, saying it was necessary in order for his pharmaceutical company to make a profit, spend money on research and keep up with operational costs.

“If there was a company that was selling an Aston Martin at the price of a bicycle, and we buy that company and we ask to charge Toyota prices, I don’t think that should be a crime,” Shkreli told CBS This Morning.

Then-Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton encouraged Shkreli to “do the right thing” and lower the cost of the drug to its original price.

Clinton also promised to hold accountable anyone who is “price gouging American families and jacking up costs for no good reason.”

Donald Trump, also a candidate at the time, called Shkreli a “spoiled brat.”

Inside Florida Gov. Rick Scott’s $500M action plan after Parkland shooting

Florida Gov. Rick Scott unveiled a $500 million “action plan” to prevent gun violence Friday – more than a week after 17 students and faculty members were brutally gunned down at a local high school.

The Republican governor’s plan does not include a ban on specific weapons, but it does aim to raise the minimum age to purchase a gun to 21 years old, establish law enforcement officers and mental health counselors in Florida’s schools and vastly restrict mentally ill people from accessing firearms.

Scott began a press conference Friday by reading the names of the 17 shooting victims from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland.

“Unfortunately none of the plans I’m announcing today will bring any of them back, but it’s important to remember them,” said Scott, adding he would work with the state legislature “aggressively over the next two weeks” to implement his ideas.

Here’s a look at seven things Scott’s proposal would do.

Raises minimum age to purchase a gun to 21

It would prohibit anyone under the age of 21 from purchasing or possessing a firearm.

There would be exceptions for certain individuals, however, including: National Guard members, active duty service members and law enforcement officials.

He said his plan would ban bump stocks, but would not prohibit specific firearms, such as the AR-15 – the type of semi-automatic rifle shooting suspect Nikolas Cruz used.

Bans guns for those with mental illnesses

People with a mental illness will not be able to purchase or possess a gun, Scott said.

“I want to make it virtually impossible for anyone who has had mental issues to use a gun.”

– Gov. Rick Scott, R-Fla.

“I want to make it virtually impossible for anyone who has had mental issues to use a gun,” Scott said Friday. “I want to make it virtually impossible for anyone who is a danger to themselves or others to use a gun.”

His plan creates what he calls the “Violent Threat Restraining Order,” which gives family members, welfare experts or law enforcement officials the ability to inform a court that a person’s firearms may need to be confiscated or the person should be blocked from purchasing a weapon.

The family member, welfare expert or law enforcement official would sign a sworn statement and provide evidence “of a threat of violence involving firearms or other weapons to a court,” Scott explained.

“There would be speedy due process for the accused and any fraudulent or false statements would face criminal penalties,” he added.

His plan also places restrictions on gun purchases by people who have been subject to the Baker Act, a state law that allows people to be involuntarily committed.

Places law enforcement officers in schools

Scott’s plan – which provides $450 million to schools – would place at least one law enforcement officer at every school. He suggested one officer for every 1,000 students be in place by the start of the 2018 school year.

Sheriff’s departments would be permitted to offer training for school personnel or reserve law enforcement officials in protection measures upon a school’s request. And the Department of Homeland Security’s active shooter trainings would become mandatory.

Funding will also be increased in order to provide “school hardening measures,” such as: bullet-proof glass, metal detectors, steel doors and new locks.

Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School had one armed resource officer on staff at the time of the shooting. But Broward County Sheriff Scott Israel said the officer “never went in[to]” the building during the deadly rampage.

During a press conference, Scott said he did not agree with arming teachers.

Establishes mental health counselors at schools

Florida Governor Rick Scott listens during a meeting with law enforcement, mental health, and education officials about how to prevent future tragedies in the wake of last week's mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, at the Capitol in Tallahassee, Florida, U.S., February 20, 2018. REUTERS/Colin Hackley - RC1D5FAFB920

Florida Gov. Rick Scott listens during a meeting with law enforcement, mental health, and education officials about how to prevent future tragedies in the wake of the deadly school shooting earlier this month.  (Reuters/Colin Hackley)

Scott’s proposal allocates funding to place mental health counselors at every school.

“These counselors cannot serve dual roles, like teaching or academic advising,” Scott said. “Every student must have the opportunity to meet one-on-one with a mental health professional, and receive ongoing counseling as needed.”

Restricts gun access to those who have committed acts of domestic violence, stalking

“We will prohibit a person from possessing or purchasing a firearm if they are subject to an injunction for protection against stalking, cyberstalking, dating violence, repeat violence, sexual violence or domestic violence,” Scott said.

Those who make shooting or bomb threats to schools will face a harsher penalty, he added.

Provides $50 million for mental health initiatives

“We must expand mental health service teams statewide to serve youth and young adults with early or serious mental illness by providing counseling, crisis management and other critical mental health services,” said Scott, announcing he would allocate $50 million for additional mental health programs.

Establishes new ‘see something, say something’ hotline

The governor’s plan would also establish a new, anonymous statewide hotline – online, on the phone and through an app.

Days after the shooting, Scott slammed the FBI for failing to follow up on a tip that expressed concerns about Cruz’s erratic behavior and disturbing social media posts. He called for the resignation of FBI Director Christopher Wray and promised an immediate investigation.

“We constantly promote ‘see something, say something,’ and a courageous person did just that to the FBI,” Scott said in a statement last week. “And the FBI failed to act. ‘See something, say something’ is an incredibly important tool and people must have confidence in the follow through from law enforcement.

Potentially toxic chemicals were found in e-cigarette vaper

A new study out of Johns Hopkins says there may be toxic levels of metals including lead that could be leaking from e-cigarettes.

A new warning about vaping published in Environmental Health Perspectives says there may be toxic levels of metals, including lead, that could be leaking from the heating coils of e-cigarettes.

Researchers from Johns Hopkins School of Public Health tested liquids in vapers’ refilling dispensers from 56 Baltimore area users and found potentially unsafe levels of arsenic, chromium, manganese, nickel and lead in the e-liquids from vapors refilling dispensers.

Test results also showed that aerosol metal concentrations were highest for e-cigarettes with more frequently changed coils. Study authors pointed out that chronic inhalation of these metals has been linked to lung, liver, immune, cardiovascular and brain damage, and even cancers.

“It’s important for the FDA, the e-cigarette companies and vaper [users] themselves to know that these heating coils, as currently made, seem to be leaking toxic metals — which then get into the aerosols that vapers inhale,” said study senior author Ana María Rule, assistant scientist in the Bloomberg School’s Department of Environmental Health and Engineering.

The Food and Drug Administration has the authority to regulate e-cigarettes, but has not issued any rulings on the matter so far.

More research is planned to determine possible health effects.

 

‘Snapchat Dysmorphia’ causing young people to seek plastic surgery

Plastic surgeons are seeing an increase in young people bringing filtered photos in as inspiration for their desired surgeries.

Snapchat and Instagram filters are changing the way young people look at themselves.

A new phenomenon of using filtered selfies as a guide for plastic surgeons is on the rise, and has been coined “Snapchat Dysmorphia” by Dr. Matthew Schulman, a board-certified plastic surgeon in New York City.

The filters – an effect that can transform the users facial features, typically by smoothing skin and enlarging eyes and lips – have been accused of making people forget what they truly look like.

“There’s an issue with losing perspective on what you actually look like, and it’s not something we talk about much,” Renee Engeln, professor of psychology at Northwestern University, and author of Beauty Sick: How the Cultural Obsession with Appearance Hurts Girls and Women, said to the Huffington Post.

“It’s not enough [to] have to compare yourself to these perfected images of models, but now you’ve got this daily comparison of your real self to this intentional or unintentional fake self that you present on social media. It’s just one more way to feel like your falling short every day,” Engeln added.

“We’re at a new level when we actually lose touch with our own face or look surprised when we look in the mirror,” she said.

So more are turning to plastic surgery to make that Snapchat filter face a permanent look.

“Everybody basically is using a filter on their own and they’re either taking that next step to bring it to me saying, ‘Hey, this is what I want to look like,’ Schulman said to the Post.

Though Engeln points out, seeking smooth and blemish-free skin isn’t a new concept from the social media age.

“They’re not changing the content of our beauty standards,” she said to the Post. “They’re just making images of it more widely available.”

Dr. Michelle Yagoda, a facial plastic surgeon in New York City, told the Post that constantly seeing altered selfies could have serious negative effects on people’s self-esteem, but doesn’t think that many will be affected by the syndrome.

“I think any time you’re able to shade out imperfections and make a better picture of yourself, it affects the way we see each other and the way we see ourselves,” she said. “I think this is a real problem, but I doubt that it’s going to be significantly affecting more people than regular body dysmorphic disorder does.”

Currently body dysmorphia disorder affects 1.7 to 2.4 percent of the population.

Kate Middleton shows off henna tattoo

The Duchess of Cambridge recently picked up a little body art.

The Duchess of Cambridge picked up a henna tattoo when visiting an artist hub with husband Prince William.

The couple visited the opening of a fire station in Sunderland, England, which has been converted into a space for local artists, People reported. The royals enjoyed performances and conversations and, when an 18-year-old artist asked the Duchess if she’d like a henna tattoo, she happily agreed.

hand reuters

The expectant mother let an 18-year-old artist decorate her right hand with a floral henna design.  (Reuters)

The small floral design on her hand is expected to fade away within two weeks.

“I said, ‘Would you like a design?’ and she was like, ‘Yes, if you don’t mind,'” artist Shajida Begum told reporters. “She was saying that it was really pretty. I was just telling her how it works. I was telling her when she can wash it off — I said, ‘When it becomes flaky.'”

Royal enthusiasts need not worry that the henna design poses any threat to her baby due in April. People magazine notes that the natural henna tattoo is safe to use during pregnancy, as it is derived solely from plants.

Later that day, the Duchess traded her heels for boots, tied her hair in a ponytail and put on a hard hat to visit the new Northern Spire bridge over the River Wear, which is currently under construction. She did her part by tightening a bolt, E! News reported.

2 injured after report of shooting at Louisiana college

Southeastern Louisiana University says two people were injured after gunshots were fired on campus.

School spokeswoman Erin Cowser says the incident happened at 3 a.m. Friday near an assembly hall where basketball games and other sports events are held.

Cowser says it appears that students were involved, but it is unclear whether the two people injured were students. They were taken to a local hospital with injuries that were not considered life-threatening.

Cowser says no suspects are in custody but that police have determined there was no “present threat” on campus.

The school is located in Hammond, about 56 miles northwest of New Orleans.

Florida school shooting survivors dread Parkland campus return

The fire alarm, gunshots and piercing cries still ring loudly in Jake Glacer’s mind.

“There’s so much I still hear, I still see,” the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School junior told Fox News. “Four people in my class were shot. I couldn’t imagine going back into the building.”

A week after the Valentine’s Day massacre at the Parkland, Florida high school, students, administrators and lawmakers are now focusing on something more concrete: The future of Building 12, the three-story structure where 17 people were gunned down.

“I have four classes in that building, and I know that if I were to go back in there, all I would be able to think about is what we all heard and what we all saw,” student Kaelan Small told Fox News.

Some families are considering moving because it would be too “traumatizing” to step foot on campus again.

Fl shooting3

Passersby pray outside of Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School just days after the Valentine’s Day massacre.  (Fox News)

“It’s just something that makes you grow up really quickly, you know?” junior Josh Charo said.

The plan for now is to demolish the building, which has housed mainly the freshman class since it was built almost three decades ago.

“We’re working and have been working since we toured the site to tear down the building and put a memorial there,” said Florida State Sen. Lauren Book, D-Plantation.

Book described the building as a “war zone,” with blood smeared on walls and floors. She said keeping the infrastructure and just renovating the building is not an option.

Fl shooting4

Two staff members and 15 students were killed in a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.  (Fox News)

“We are tearing that building down,” she said.

The school shooting in Newtown, Conn. sparked similar concerns over the future of the building. More than five years later, a memorial is still in its design phase. It took three-and-a-half years to build a new, $45 million elementary school in Newtown, according to former First Selectman Patricia Llodra. She spearheaded the process to decide the future of Sandy Hook Elementary School, holding a series of meetings for the community and elected officials.

Llodra urges Florida lawmakers and the school district not to rush the decision-making process. Instead, she said, they should take the time to involve the people of Parkland.

“It’s one of the most critical decisions the community has to make,” Llodra said. “It’s the first step in the recovery process.”

“The last thing I would have to say is tell the loved ones that are around you that you love them.”

– Josh Gallagher, student at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School

Aztec High School in New Mexico took a different approach after its December shooting. Instead of demolishing the entire school, officials agreed on gutting two classrooms and transforming them into a lounge/memorial.

But the shooting there was on a much smaller scale – two people died, as well as the gunman.

Superintendent Kirk Carpenter said the decision made efficient use of the district’s time, space and money.

“To get a project like this done in a month’s time was absolutely amazing,” Carpenter told Fox News. “No one’s going to change what we do at that high school, and that’s to make sure learning takes place.”

Book admits demolishing Building 12, erecting a new building and implementing a memorial park on campus is a daunting task, especially with Florida’s legislative session nearing its end. Estimates for the proposal come in around $25 to 30 million, which would come from state appropriations.

Not to mention the freshman building on Marjory Stoneman Douglas’ campus holds about 900 students, a quarter of the school’s population.

Map of MSD

Lawmakers are pushing to demolish Building 12 and implement a memorial park in its place.  (Fox News)

The school, named after a women’s suffrage advocate, opened in 1990. It’s about two hours north of Miami.

Charo acknowledges it will be hard for the school to adjust without the building, saying it “doesn’t seem logical for them to tear it down.”

“I think going back to school is going to be helpful,” Glacer said. “We have to get used to the new normal.”

But, even considering this, Charo and Glacer can’t fathom returning to the place that carries memories of their worst day.

Lawmakers and school officials understand that.

The district is considering splitting up the school day into sessions to avoid using Building 12.

Students are expected to return to school on Feb. 27.

In the meantime, survivors said they are embracing each and every moment with their loved ones.

“The last thing I would have to say is tell the loved ones that are around you that you love them,” said junior Josh Gallagher. “Because you never know when it’s going to be cut short or life is going to be taken away.”

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